Fires

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Related Papers and Presentations

Impact Induced Fires Statistical Analysis of FARS and State Data Files 78-01, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Conference

 ABSTRACT

This paper is a part of a larger report (Friedman, Kenney, & Holloway, 2003), Impact Induced Fires & Fuel Leakage: Statistical Analysis of FARS and State Data File (1978-2001). This larger report included a review of the literature of fire and fuel leaks in post-collision passenger vehicles from 1957 to 2003, replicated Mallaris' (1991) methodology in his landmark study of post-collision fires in the State of Michigan and FARS data, and furthered the analysis by examining post-collision fires and fuel leaks with three state accident databases - Maryland, Illinois and Pennsylvania. The current paper is focused on the conlucions and overall recommendations for data collection and analysis based on the findings from the state accident databases and FARS analyses.

Impact Induced Fires - Pickup Design Feature Analysis, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Conference

 INTRODUCTION

This study was designed as a follow up investigation to the previous study, Impact Induced Fires: Statistical Analysis of FARS and State Data File (1978-2001) (Friedman, Holloway, and Kenney, 2004,2005). The purpose of this follow up study was to determine the incidence of post-collision fires in select pickup trucks and the relation of these fires to design features. The state accident data bases used in this study included Minnesota (1993-2002), Maryland (1989-2000), Illinois (1996-2001), and Pennsylvania (1980-2000). The specific pickup trucks were specified by MVFRI for this analysis due to the change in fire rates that had been observed in the previous study. Model years from 1991-2001 were included in current initial analyses; for some vehicles the analyses; for some vehicles the analyses were expanded to 1981-2001 subsequently. The vehicle groups chosen were the Chevy/GMC S10 CHEVY/GMC 1500, Dodge Dakota, Dodge Ram 1500, Ford Ranger, Ford F150, Nissan Frontier, Toyota Tacoma and Toyota Tundra.

Analyses looked at the effects of particular design features with Biokinetics providing the characterization of these features. Additional analyses looked at the fire rates observed by particular underhood features for three vehicles, the Chevy/GMC S10, Ford F150, and Ford Ranger vehicle groups. Particular analyses were conducted examining design features by impact mode.

This report includes a discussion of analytical methods including databases and analysis, findings and graphical presentation of significant results, conclusions with recommendations for further research.

 

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